Miscellaneous / By the Law: Basic Legal Terms

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Can you name the Legal Terms?

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Forced Order
Guiding principles for interpreting terms of a contract
Claim by the defendant against the plaintiff
When an offeror must keep an offer open for a specified time in exchange for a fee
An event that ends contractual obligations
Rewarding a party what is owed them for the goods or services provided under contract
One who is legally ordered (by a judge) to pay a debt, who has still not paid
Promise to perform specified acts on certain terms
Process whereby each party forces the disclosure of information from the other party
Defendant to an appeal
Assumption that parties in a contract are able to look out for their own interest
Time period specified by legislation for commencing legal action
When parties' contractual obligations do not begin until an event occurs
In Civil Law, where case is solved by the side that seems the most credible
The unconditional ratification of all of the terms of the offer
Doctrine whereby someone who relies on a gratuitous promise may enforce it
Rule limiting evidence a party can produce about contents of contract
Formal documents of a lawsuit
Contract term which specifies payment of one party to the other in a breach
Price paid for a promise
Arguing to a higher court that a court decision is wrong
Provision not expressly included in a contract, but was part of parties' intention
Discussion used to reach a mutually acceptable resolution; transferring negotiable instruments from one person to another
Contract term limiting liability in case of a breach
Refusal to accept an offer
Party who files an appeal
A promise for which no consideration is given
Formal hearing before a judge which results in a binding decision
Fee based on percentage of judgment awarded, paid by client to the lawyer only if action is successful
When one party (plaintiff or defendant) must pay other party for a lost lawsuit
Defendant must be found guilty beyond a reasonable doubt
Initiates litigation by setting out plaintiff's allegations against the defendant
Litigation alternatives for resolving disputes
Expiration of an offer after a specified or reasonable period
Customer agrees to standard set of terms that favour the other side
Rejection of one offer and the proposal of a new one
A presumption against one party that another party can seek to rebut with leading evidence to the contrary
A downpayment to a lawyer
Withdrawal of an offer
When parties agree that a contract is complete as written
Expression of willingness to do business
Test based on how a 'reasonable person' would view the matter
A very large number of plaintiffs

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