Mrs.Speicher's Literary Terms

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Can you name the literary terms that are going to be on next weeks test??

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DefinitionLiterary Term
The ridiculing of folly, stupidity, or vice; the use of irony, sarcasm, or ridicule for exposing or denouncing frailties and faults of mankind.
A sudden, intuitive perception of or insight into the reality or essential meaning of something, usually initiated by some simple, homely, or commonplace occurrence or experience.
A narrator, whether in literature, film, or theatre, whose credibility has been seriously compromised.
An ‘all‐knowing’ kind of narrator very commonly found in works of fiction written as third‐person narratives.
The metrical analysis of poetry; the division of a line of poetry into feet by indicating accents and counting syllables.
Distinctive, sometimes picturesque characteristics or peculiarities of a place or period as represented in literature or drama, or as observed in reality.
Verse that lacks regular meter and line length but relies upon natural rhythms.
Poetry composed for a particular event.
A device in a narrative by which an event or scene taking place before the present time in the narrative is shown.
A literary style characterized by gloom and the supernatural, popular esp in the late 18th century.
A work of literature or item in a work that is completely symbolic of something different.
The irony in which what is said is the opposite of what it meant.
A person, place, thing that is used in literature to represent something else.
The act of a person or thing that sets, the surroundings or environment of a story.
A second self, a second personality or persona within a person, who is often oblivious to the persona's actions.
The repetition of usually initial consonant sounds in two or more neighboring words or syllables
The main character or lead figure in a novel, play, story, or poem. It may also be referred to as the 'hero' of a work.
The style of speaking and writing as reflected in the choice and use of words.
The events which occur after the climax and usually end the story.
A character that rejects established norms and conventions, has been rejected by society, and has the self as the center of his or her own existence.
Latin for 'Seize the day'; enjoy the present, as opposed to placing all hope in the future.
The term for any specific category of literature based on some loose set of stylistic criteria. Eg. mystery novels
Words said by a character in a play, novel, or poem.
A literary character of great stature whose moral defect leads to tragedy but some self-awareness.
This provides clues for the reader to be able to predict what might occur later on in the story.
The irony in which fate, destiny, or a god controls and toys with human hopes and expectations; also, the belief that the universe is so large and man is so small that the universe
DefinitionLiterary Term
A figure of speech where animals, ideas, or inorganic objects are given human characteristics.
The dictionary definition of a word
An ideal community or society possessing a perfect socio-politico-legal system.
A word or phrase describes a persons personal or physical attributes. It either is part of the name of set person or replaces it.
The suggestions and associations which people think of when they think of a word.
The arrangement and grammatical relations of words in a sentence.
A figure of speech comparing two unlike things that is often introduced by like or as.
An author who, in addition to reporting the events of a novel's story, offers further comments on characters and events, and who sometimes reflects more generally upon the signific
A division of a poem; equivalent to a paragraph in prose.
A variety of a language used by a group of speakers who live in a certain area. Eg. Southern.
The beginning of a story which provides some background and informs the reader about the plot, character, setting, and theme.
A subject which is commonly talked about or referenced in a literary work.
A dramatic or literary form of discourse in which a character talks to himself or herself or reveals his or her thoughts without addressing a listener.
The problem in any piece of literature and is often classified according to the nature of the main characters.
A literary device used to induce a tender emotional response disproportionate to the situation at hand.
To begin in the middle of a sequence of events/the story.
A central character in a dramatic or narrative work who lacks the qualities of nobility and magnanimity expected of traditional heroes or heroines in romances and epics.
An extreme exaggeration used as a literary device or figure of speech.
A poem of fourteen lines in iambic pentameter, conveying strong emotions.
Two rhyming lines of verse in iambic pentameter.
The irony in which the implications of a situation, speech, etc, are understood by the audience but not by the characters in the play.
The series of events that lead to the climax of the story.
A narrative composed of loosely connected incidents, each one more or less self-contained, often connected by a central character or characters.
The measured arrangement of words in a line of poetry, as per syllable quantity or rhythmic value.
When a writer makes a reference to another work of literature in writing.
A sudden turn from the general audience to address a specific group or person or personified abstraction absent or present.
DefinitionLiterary Term
A genre of fiction which is usually satirical and depicts the adventures of a roguish hero of low social class who lives outside of society.
A name given to something that represents something similar or when a part is used to describe a whole.
Resemblance of consecutive vowel sounds
Unrhymed lines of ten syllables each, the even-numbered syllables bearing the accents or iambic pentameter.
A common meter in poetry consisting of an unrhymed line with five feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable and an accented syllable.
Figure of speech in which a word is said to be another.
The use of an indirect, mild, or vague word or expression for one thought to be coarse, offensive, or blunt.
A brief, pithy, unusually concise statement of a principle, truth, or sentiment. Notable more for its thought and wisdom than its wit.
The irony in which the outcome turns out to be very different from what is expected.
A witty, ingenious, and pointed saying that is expressed tersely.
A recurring subject, theme, idea, etc. (not theme)
When contradictory terms are combined to form words that mean something else
The rhetorical contrast of ideas by means of parallel arrangements of words, clauses, or sentences
A flaw in the character of the protagonist in a tragedy that brings the protagonist to ruin or sorrow.
Doubtfulness or uncertainty of intention or meaning.
A statement, or multiple statements that lead to an contradictory thought/situation.
In drama, a speech directed to the audience that is supposedly is not audible to the other characters onstage at the time.
A literary work's point of highest tension.
The naming of a thing or action by a vocal imitation of the sound associated with it.
A character assumed by an author within a literary work.
An often futuristic society that has degraded into a repressive and controlled state.
The thing in a story or poem which deceives, frustrates, or works against the main character in some way.
The author’s or speaker’s attitude or feeling toward a subject conveyed through the author’s choice of words
An unexpected, artificial, or improbable character, device, or event introduced suddenly in a work of fiction or drama to resolve a situation or untangle a plot.
The use of vivid description, usually rich in sensory words, to create pictures, or images, in the reader's mind.

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